The upper end of the femur; It is the bone structure that covers the femoral head, neck and 5 cm distal of the small trochanter. Subtrochanteric femoral fractures make up 7% to 20% of femur fractures. It occurs with high energy trauma at a young age and simple fall at an advanced age.Trochanteric fractures make up 55% of femoral upper end fractures and are mostly seen in elderly, osteoporotic patients. As an alternative to existing fixation methods for both trochanteric region and subtrochantanteric region fractures, locking anatomic plates for proximal femur fractures have been designed.
Distal Radius end fractures;
It is the most common type of fracture in whole body bone fractures. They
constitute 8-15% of all fractures.
Approximately 10% of elbow
circumference fractures. The subcutaneous location of the ulna makes it
susceptible to trauma and fractures. Most of the olecranon fractures are formed
by the direct effect of trauma force on the proximal of the ulna from the
distal humerus or by pulling the proximal ulna of the triceps adhesion site
with an indirect effect.
Clavicle fractures; It constitutes 2.6-4% of adult fractures and 35% of shoulder fractures. Anatomically, it is divided into three regions as medial, middle (shaft) and lateral. The fracture site is approximately 80% in the middle, 15% lateral, and 5% medial.
Proximal Humerus fractures make up approximately 4-5% of all fractures. The incidence of proximal humerus fractures is also increasing due to the increase in the elderly population. It is the third most common fracture over the age of sixty-five.